El Shorouk is a city in the Greater Cairo area, specifically located north of Cairo and north of New Cairo in the province of Cairo. El Shorouk is one of Third Generation cities, established by Prime Minister decision Number 326, in 1995. The establishment of the city highlights the efforts of the Egyptian state in managing urban expansion to achieve several development goals. One prominent goal of being to absorb the expanding population of Egypt and to ease population pressures currently placed on the aging capital. Other major themes of this project are to redistribute the population of the Greater Cairo area and to raise the standard of living in the region through the provision of new job opportunities from industrial projects in the city.